Volume 06 Issue 01
Study of Stearic acid as Additive for the B io lubricant Formulations in Neem seed oil
Krishnaprasad .S. Menon, Arun Prakash, D. Mahipal | pp: 01-04 | Download Paper | Show Abstract
Abstract: Vegetable oils are being considered as a potential source of renewable energy and environmentally favourable lubricant for future generations due to its good lubricity, high thermal property and its biodegradability. This paper evaluate and compare the lubricant properties and environmental effects of Neem seed oil with and without additive with that of commercially available mineral oil SAE20W40. The lubricant properties such as tribological, thermal, rheological properties and environmental effects like the biodegradability are evaluated and compared. The neem seed oil are mixed with various proportions of stearic acid. The coefficient of friction and wear scar diameter of neem seed oil in combination with stearic acid seems to be less and more efficient than the plain neem and the mineral oil separately. The viscosity improvement with the addition of stearic acid in neem seed oil is negligible, but stearic acid is found to a viscosity index booster in neem seed oil. The addition of stearic acid helps to improve the pour point of base oil. The biodegradability of neem seed oil with and without stearic acid were determined and compared with SAE20W40.
Experimental Investigation of Fault Detection in Ball Bearings using Vibration Signature Analysis
Varghese Thomas Pedikayil, A Samson, Akash Rajan | pp: 05-09 | Download Paper | Show Abstract
Abstract: Ball bearings are machine elements used in rotary machines to reduce friction and support radial and axial loads. During operation there are chances that these elements develop localized faults most probably on the races. To avoid catastrophic failure it is required to monitor the condition of the bearings and detect faults in it. Vibration Signature Analysis is widely used for condition monitoring of mechanical elements such as bearings, gears etc. Envelope detection is a signal processing technique for demodulation of vibration signals, it is a useful tool for the identification of faults. Time domain signals and order spectrum of healthy and faulty bearings were investigated. Statistical parameters such as Kurtosis and Root Mean Square of the time domain signals are also used to identify the presence of faults.
Border Alert and Life Protection System for Fisher-men
Chairma Lakshmi K.R, Gnanasekaran T | pp: 10-15 | Download Paper | Show Abstract
Abstract: Investigating the border control and ensuring security in the borders is a life-threatening problem faced by many peninsular countries. The International Maritime Boundary Line between the countries is difficult to identify, which is the foremost motive for the cross-border cruelty for fishermen. Due to some unavoidable circumstances such as weather condition, fishermen’s abnormal body condition leads to a tough journey for them to work. The present invention generally relates to security and protection system for fishermen. More specifically, a system to prevent the fisherman from border crossing issue and to monitor the health status of the fisherman for ensuring safety and security using IoT devices.
Numerical Investigation of Bio-inspired Heat Sink Model with Multiple Outlets for Cooling Rectangular Shaped Electronic Circuits
K. Kandassamy, B. Prabu | pp: 16-22 | Download Paper | Show Abstract
Abstract: Cooling of electronic circuits is a necessity to ensure reliability and optimum working conditions. In this work a bio-inspired single-inlet flow field having leaf-type branching secondary micro-channel arrays, with aspect ratios 4.3, 8.6 and 12.9 is analyzed. The simulation of the heat sink models is done using finite element based software. The coupling between heat transfer and laminar fluid flow is done using conjugate heat transfer. The heat sinks are subjected to a constant heat flux input and tested for pressure drop of 0.2-0.3 MPa. Validation of simulation results is done by comparing the mixing cup temperature with that obtained by heat balance. The results prove that, bio-inspired model has a low variation in chip surface temperature than traditional micro-channel arrays. Higher aspect ratio models have higher Nusselt numbers for similar pressure drops. The heat sink models with aspect ratio 12.9 at an input pressure 0.3 MPa shows a thermal resistance of 0.126 C/W with pumping power -2.39W.
Prospects of Biodiesel from Rubber Seed Oil in India – A Review
Devesh Vishal, Rahul Goyal, Shivesh Dubey, Gaurav Dwivedi | pp: 23-33 | Download Paper | Show Abstract
Abstract: Rubber (Hevea brasilienis) is a plantation tree and its seeds contain non edible oil which have huge potential of biodiesel production. Being a non-edible oil it helps fight the food versus fuel crisis that India may face due to utilization of edible oils for biodiesel production. Indian states like Kerala have huge rubber plantations and production thus providing the essential raw material for biodiesel production. The rubber seeds have around 35 to 60 % oil content. Biodiesel yield of around 96.8% is obtained through transesterification by use of 1 wt% KOH as catalyst and 6:1 alcohol to oil ratio at a reaction temperature of around 55 degree Celsius. The fuel properties of biodiesel manufactured from rubber seed oil is similar to that of diesel. In low blends of biodiesel the hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions are quite low as compared to pure diesel. This review paper describes rubber seed oil as a potential alternative fuel candidate for India.
FTIR Spectroscopy & Mechanical Behaviour Study on Jute Fiber Polymer Composite
Savendra Pratap Singh | pp: 34-38 | Download Paper | Show Abstract
Abstract: Influence of surface treatment and weaving pattern of a natural jute fiber in woven form on mechanical properties and free vibration behavior of surface treated woven fabric polymer composite has been investigated. Effect of number of layers and sequence of layers of different types of fabric also analyzed. It is found that the basket type fabric reinforced composite has consist of better dynamic and mechanical properties and its due to the uniformity in stress distribution in both directions i.e. warp and weft directions of the fabric for four layered composites. In the case of other number of layers, herringbone type fabric gives better result due to less gap between fiber yarn and tight initial physical bonding between them. After surface treatment of jute fibers with NaOH the dynamic and mechanical properties are getting enhanced. Results also reveals that the properties getting enhanced with increasing in the number of layers of natural fiber composite. FTIR results indicate that there is no triple bond functional group is available in the composite.
Atmospheric Water Absorption Kit
Jain Varghese, Stephy Akkara, Jarin T | pp: 39-43 | Download Paper | Show Abstract
Abstract: As the water scarcity is becoming a serious problem, it’s our duty to use each drop of water with care. Everyone knows that the atmosphere is rich in humidity. Thus the humidity rise, it will cause a dangerous problem of rise in temperature of that particular place. Both the problems can be avoided by the water absorption from atmosphere. For this we are using biomimicing with desert beetle, cactus, and lotus for effective water absorption without electricity. Usually in railway stations, we can see lots of people are using water filters for drinking waters. The water coming out from these electrical filters are chilled water. This chillness is not required for the people as its making tough to drink. Besides such chillness of water is not good for human health .in such a case we are wasting some amount of energy on chilling water. While considering a water filter unit in in public place like railway station the wastage of energy will be really high as people are using it more for getting drinking water.in this paper we are explaining the possibility of using this waste energy to collect atmospheric water by using a particular container which is a result of biomimicing. This method will help to reduce the over humidity present in the surrounding atmosphere. The prime important factor of this method is that we are collecting atmospheric water as energy input.